Cutting Machines

While working in an industrial environment, one that deals with cutting of heavy metals and concrete, it is very important to take precautionary measures as cutting of metals produces sparks which can permanently damage human body parts. These days, due to rapid innovations done in the field in industrial design, various kinds of cutting machines have been introduced. With the help of these machines, any worker can cut thick sheets of metal with precision, neatness and without any worry of danger.

There are various forms of cutting machines that incorporate different technologies.

Plasma Cutters

Plasma Cutter
"plasma cutter" (CC BY 2.0) by DanielBL

All those materials, which can be measured with a measuring tape, can be cut through plasma cutters. However, vernier measuring materials should be dealt with laser cutters only. Plasma cutters are as good and efficient as laser cutters, but the accuracy is more precise in case of laser cutting. Portable plasma cutters are mostly preferred by craftsmen because of high cutting capacity and speed. Another advantage of portable plasma cutters is that it can be used for small scale workshop based cuttings as well. Various range of plasma cutters include a 30A system with 500i spectrum and a 40A system with 700i system.

They are mostly used for fabrication of metal sheets, maintenance and engineering. When cutting different pieces of metal together, pilot arc is automatically controlled with the help of Auto-Refire technology. By using plasma cutters, one can achieve high acceleration and command on motion control algorithms.

These days, many latest models of plasma cutters come with diagnostic screens, which help a lot in determining right pressure, flow level and voltage.

Laser Cutters

Laser cutting machines no doubt are ahead of all others, because they are effective, efficient, and the end result is precise and accurate. Plasma cutters are no doubt very popular among welders and trades-person, still there are limitations to it which can only be dealt with laser cutting. For example, a fully detailed saw blade can only be cut through laser cutting technology. There are various types of laser cutters that incorporate different techniques. However, two most commonly preferred laser cutters are CO2 cutters and fibre glass cutters.

CO2 Cutters

CO2 Cutter
"CO2 Cutter Engraving Wood" (CC BY 2.0) by Craighton Miller

CO2 laser cutters are designed to cut thick sheets of mild steel with minimum amount of energy. They are highly preferred in various industries because using these cutters saves thousands of dollars on operating costs. It also reduces metal waste, which dramatically increases overall output. They are mostly incorporated in industries that deal with textiles, farming, transportation, steel services, scraping and automotive.
Known as ‘Fast Lasers’, it dramatically improves cutting speed, cut quality range and plate capacity. It provides gas flow at the targeted cutting zone, with optimum pressure, which provides improved accuracy.

Fibre Glass Cutters

These lasers are available in twelve different series and work on the principle of wavelength. Any wavelength, having the range of 1µm, can be easily absorbed in different metals and nonmetals. Compact fibre glass laser cutters have fibre optics capacity of 20µm (single-mode) and 50µm (multi-mode), which are readily used to cut solid-state materials as an alternative solution.